Information for the local farmer


A new year is here again, it’s hard to believe we are in 2022. With a new year comes new possibilities and opportunities for farmers. Just like any business, most opportunities come with their fair share of challenges and 2022 will be no exception. So the 2021 tariff ended on a lenient note when it came to the weather with record high temperatures and very mild nighttime temperatures, I even thought I heard crucifers start to sing.

As I toured the county, I noticed that there was not as much winter wheat planted throughout the county. The lack of winter wheat planting is not only isolated in Adams County, it is a common theme across the United States and even the world. There could be many factors causing the lack of enthusiasm for winter wheat production for grain this year, rising input costs, poor planting conditions in the fall and increasing the cost of seeds, are just a few of the reasons why winter wheat is not as popular this year. . On the other hand, when I look at my own wheatfield, I have a constant mental battle between mowing it for fodder (that’s usually what I do) or keeping it for grain.

Winter wheat makes an excellent fodder and cattle love it. On the other hand, I’m looking at potential harvest prices of 8 / bushel or more and $ 5 to $ 6 / bale for straw. It’s a challenge that many farmers face as they open the door to 2022. So here are a few thoughts that might help or make your mental anxiety worse.

You can’t starve yield or profit – This is true for almost anything farmers raise, from corn to livestock, you get what you put into the product. Wheat can be a finicky crop and loves fertility, according to previous OSU research, the highest wheat yield and best grain quality came from wheat grown on soils with pH levels of 6.3 at 7.0, phosphorus levels of 25 to 40 ppm and potassium levels of 100 to 120 ppm. If phosphorus levels are below 25 ppm, it has been recommended to apply 80-100 lbs of phosphorus, which equates to 173-217 lbs / ac of diammonium phosphate (DAP) fertilizer. Nitrogen levels should be based on potential yield goals. OSU research recommends using this equation – rate of N = 40 + 1.75 x (yield potential – 50), example 40 + 1.75 x 80 bu / ac-50 = 92.5 lbs of actual nitrogen / acre, if using dry granulated urea it would equate to 201 lbs per acre.

Better grain quality comes from better drainage – If you have growing wheat or fields that are poorly drained, prone to flooding, or have poor air circulation, consider harvesting for forage rather than for grain. Better grain quality and better yield come from well-drained, high-lying fields in the highlands. Too much moisture and humidity can create fungus and spoilage of the grain at harvest time.

Winter wheat yields large tons – Research (and personal experience) shows that when winter wheat sown in early October can yield as much as 4 to 5 tons per acre with CP levels of 10 to 12% when nitrogen addition is applied in the spring. If you don’t have livestock to feed current market prices for small grain silage is healthy enough at $ 160-180 / tonne, that could represent a potential gross income of $ 900 / acre.

Some other elements:

The trial dates for private, commercial and fertilizer applicators will be January 13 and March 10, 2022, located at the Ohio Valley CTC. To register online by going to pested.osu.edu or call (pesticide division) at 614-728-6987.

· Jan 11 – Private Pesticide Applicator / Fertilizer Applicator recertification from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. at the Ohio Valley CTC. The cost is $ 35 for pesticides and fertilizers and $ 15 for those who only need fertilizer recertification. Please register with our office first by calling (937) 544-2339 and mailing your checks to 215 North Cross St., Room 104, West Union, Ohio, 45693.

· February 15th will be the second Private Pesticide / Fertilizer Applicator Recertification, the location of this event will be West Union Frisch’s (rear meeting room. Register by calling (937) 544-2339 and mailing payments $ 35 for pesticides and fertilizers or $ 15 for fertilizers only at office 215 North Cross St., Room 104, West Union, OH 45693.

· USDA NRCS announces deadlines for the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP), Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) and Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP). The deadline to apply for these cost-shared programs is January 14, call (937) 544-2033 ext. 3 for more details.

The 2022 Tobacco GAP recertification course will take place on March 31, 2022 at Rains Farm and Greenhouse from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. This event will be open to producers in Adams and Brown County. Call the Adams County OSU extension office to confirm attendance at (937) 544-2339.